Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Valley Forge in Pennsylvania Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Valley Forge in Pennsylvania - Research Paper Example Valley Forge in Pennsylvania was the site of the military camp of the American Continental Army over the winter of 1777–1778 Valley Forge is among the historical places that marked the American Revolution. Moreover, George Washington and his army spent a harsh winter at Valley Forge in the year 1777 -1778. Furthermore, during this period many of the Continental army perished due to starvation, lack of proper clothing to protect them from the cold and infectious diseases (Webstar 1305). Consequently, the Continental army was reduced to almost half its initial population. However, the conditions at the camp improved when congress sent food at the camp and hygiene standards were elevated. Moreover, the soldiers were drilled and when spring arrived, they were ready and eager to face the British army in the battle field. To this end, the continental army eventually fought with the British army even though they were at draw military wise. The Continental Army left the battle field in high spirits and confidence compared to the previous wars. The subsequent sections will elaborate on the reasons as to why General Washington’s Continental army decided to camp at Valley Forge. Moreover, the challenges they encountered during the encampment at Valley Forge will be discussed comprehensively. Furthermore, the drilling of soldiers by Steuben Baron that took place while they were at Valley Forge will be intricately discussed. Finally, the aftermath of the training process will be summarily discussed. Reasons for Camping at Valley Forge In the 18th century of 1777 George Washington, the general of continental army, moved with his army to the south of New Jersey. His objective was to defend Philadelphia city from the advancing forces of William Howe. Consequently, the two armies clashed at Brandywine on the 11th of September (Hickman 1). As a result, Washington’s army was defeated and flee the city. Washington’s army struck again at Germantown on 4th of October in order to regain initiative but was decisively defeated. Subsequently, with the cold weather approaching Washington moved his army to a winter encampment. To this end, he chose Valley Forge, 20 mile s from Northwest city of Philadelphia. Evidently, the site would easily be defendable from surprise attacks. In addition, provision of food from local farmers would be easy. Challenges at Valley Forge In as much as Washington chose the best place for his soldiers to camp, they still encountered serious problems like lack of food and clothing. The soldiers had little to eat apart from fried dough called fire cakes. Furthermore, the soldiers wore tattered cloths and their accommodation was hastily built. The accommodation consisted of canvas walls and dirt floors that were smoky and cold. Furthermore, the cabins were ideal sites for the spreading of diseases that subjected the soldiers to bouts of cold (Miller 9). In addition, the local farmers were hesitant to give their food in exchange to the almost worthless soldiers. On the contrary, the farmers traded their produce with the British; located miles away Philadelphia; for liquid cash. Furthermore, the local farmers even continued t o hoard food as they waited to earn higher profits in the spring season. Consequently, there were prevalent desertions and deaths from diseases and hunger. This led to a reduction of the continental army to almost one-half of the initial size (Miller 9). In addition, Washington was privately annoyed with the lack of strong commitment from his supposedly patriot fighters. Washington’s Leadership Qualities Questioned Washington’s leadership integrity and qualities were cast openly in doubt by his fellow army officers as well as part of the

Tuesday, February 4, 2020

Historical essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words - 2

Historical - Essay Example ample, many businesses flourished in the 1920s as subsequent governments adopted the pro-business stance leading to the growth of industries in the manufacturing, aviation, automobile and chemical sectors. In fact, automobile production per year increased threefold, leading to more than 50% of American households owning cars (Foner 610). In my opinion, true American entrepreneurship was born in the 1920s. That is, American entrepreneurship where tenacity, grit, street smarts, education, ambition and opportunity could lead to success on a far wider scale than ever imagined before in a capitalistic system. Many of the entrepreneurs found today have partly modelled their success in accordance to some of the entrepreneurs found in the 1920s. For example, the Prohibition era provided an opportunity for many individuals to become rich. For those who owned establishments such as speakeasies or those responsible for bootlegging, a lot of money was made. The period also witnessed massive rural to urban migration as farmers form the Southern states migrated to cities such as Los Angeles to work in textile and automobile industries, while others found employment opportunities in Hollywood. Indeed, everyone wanted a piece of the American dream (Foner 613). Even though there was far more rampant public corruption in the 1920s as gangs and criminals bribed city officials, the ability to spot an opportunity and utilize it to its maximum, is a trait that is seen today, as companies and multinationals try to exploit every little opportunity for profit. In the 1920s, liquor and prostitution based businesses reaped millions of profits in dollars. However, it was not just illegal business that flourished, even legal ones such as multinationals gained footholds in international markets, marking a shift from Internationalism to Isolationism (Foner 618). The celebrity culture present today also has its roots in the 1920s. As more people began to adopt more lax economic principles,

Sunday, January 26, 2020

The concept on going green

The concept on going green Introduction The phrase ‘Going Green have demand a place in the current scenario to be among the hot topic of discussion, either, be it when it matter to green technologies or the enterprises that are build with such a motto that gives a clear definition of the concern for the environment. Additionally, going green have become fashionable in a sense that green projects, especially in the contemporary era and where the situations such as the global warming is having its toll get high number of takers, be it when it matter to corporate projects, building a corporate office or propagating green projects, which are eco-friendly in nature and scope. Taking the ‘Going Green phrase and its concepts in the discussion of this report, we come to the conclusion that there are no short resources and discussion topic when it matter to analyze the bigger picture related to green projects in the corporate world, and not to forget the globalised environment of the contemporary world and its economies at large. Taking a short and quick views of the ‘going green phrase, we further come to the conclusion in parts and fragments that the eco-friendly projects and the trends related to the same appear to have taken over the imagination of any conscious individual and corporate honchos. Put it in generic terms for the concepts, it is not only fashionable to go green, either when the case can be looked within the food habits, the change in technology and lifestyles etc; but it also shows a responsible side to save mother earth from the negative effects of global warming, where a concern in that regard are carried out in the manner of propagating green project with full course. . Hence, in that capacity, there is always an urgent need that calls for a sustainable move to take centre stage, even when it applies to corporate and management practices within the organization realms, and in the course of time assists in contributing something for the benefits of mother nature that have blessed us with numerous benefits. However, what is surprising is the fact that the wrong move in which mankind have taken in the many years prior to the industrial revolution and then onwards have meant that much of the materialistic greeds have compromised with the very idea of economic growth and advancement, where the accidental destruction have already been felt. In the current scenario we can witness that the ‘going green concepts and projects related to the same is one good move from the part of inhabitants to clean off the many wrongs that have already been felt and bestowed on mother nature, and especially the negative impact that it have had. Thus, the case can be looked to the urgency of the global warming scenario. Issue Encompassing The ‘Subject Matter Discussion Attending our discussion to the above phrase, there is no short sight of the issue that encompasses the global economy today, especially in a scenario where global warming have had its toll and negative impact in all corner of the globe. However, when it matter to clean-up process and to fix the many issue that have been witnessed, measure in that regard is also short and out of sight. It was only in recent years when the urgency of the matter was felt that that green projects have been facilitated with full discourse, be it at the policy level or in propagating anything that is related to ‘going green concepts. The susceptibility of the ‘subject matter and the greater concern of the subject also are one of the many important facets and urgent requirement for citizen to get things in shape and in the right direction. Hence, the issue that is to be discussed in this part of the report only concerns itself with the subject matter in part and forms. Looking at these aspects and the real picture in the current scenario, it can further by expanded that understanding the purpose of the subject matter should familiarize itself with what to follow next. Thus, the following paragraph also takes a shift in that capacity. Purpose Commenting further from the short and brief fragmented discussion as detailed above, the purpose of this project is to analyze the greater substitute that should aid the clean-up process in the global economy, especially when it matter to environmental concern. Thus, treatment to the ‘subject matter at the onset is proposed to analyzed and comprehend the bigger picture related to any specific green projects, and the investment opportunities for business houses that comes with any such developments with full force. Such is the case that the analysis in parts will be integrated to come close to a meaningful discussion that should send across the message in full force for the world to have know. To top it all, it also should be clarified that the attempt of this work also should answer the probable question that crop-up. That is to say, Can environmentally friendly projects and the concept of â€Å"going green† be looked upon as the next hot investment area? Precisely, from a general interpretation of the said question, the answer is yes. Hence, many related question to the subject matter is meant to give a detailed analysis and attempts in that capacity also tries to relate and answer the reporter question on the said topic being raised. That is to say, why, how, what, when and where do the going green and its concepts make sense in the contemporary era? Thus, taking into account the abovementioned summary, the following paragraph should answer the question which attests itself to the core of the ‘subject matter discussion. The Idea Of Going Green Going green and the concept related to the same have become a phenomenon of sorts in the current scenario of the globalised world in the contemporary era. To top it, when it matter to projects also, environmentally friendly projects and innovation are also peaking to take leverage of the opportunities that comes with it in the business context. At the policy level in the global institutions such as the UNESCO, WHO, etc, the ‘subject matter is a hot topic of discussion and debated subject, given the nature and urgency of the issue at hand facing the global economy. As the case can be looked from the onset, and as discussed in the media, the recently Copenhagen summit no doubt got the attention of global leaders from around the globe, given the agenda related to environmental crisis. What concern with the said global summit can be attest to the concern it attached itself with, especially in a domain where a heightened debate on global warming and environmental crisis, which concern with the core of the going green concepts. Article related to Global warming written by â€Å"Andrew Winston, an environment strategist also details a close analysis of the recent development that shoot up from the Copenhagen meet. Secondly, put in it in the words of the said strategist, environmental crises, be it in cases such as global warming, rising water level in the oceans etc, shows a clear picture of the situation our world are faced with in the current scenario, and the citizen living in its nature have found themselves in† (Winston, 2009) The sorry state of nature that we have found ourselves entangled in is clear and precise, and the effect and impact of environmental crisis is for all to have a second thought on â€Å"how to bring about innovation and technology in the business context that is sustainable in nature. The sorry state and carbon emission rate from developing and developed countries in the global economy is one main factor that add to the worried list of environment crisis† (Winston, 2009). Thus, in that respect, the green factor or the ‘going green phrase and its concepts have become a norm and phenomena of sorts, which familiarize even with a layman in the streets. Hence, commenting on the recent development and impact those global economic growths have had at best come close to the idea of ‘going green, and why it matter in that regard. For integrating a short analysis in that capacity, understanding the role of the organization in the contemporary era, especially when it matter to sustainable business management is very critical, which is as follows. Organization Sustainable Business Strategy From an economic point of view, sustainable business plans comes with a package of many opportunities and benefits for corporations in the global who endeavor for the same. When it matter to organization and their management in that capacity, some scholars have put it that â€Å"sustainable business organization would be an important part of sustainable societies, now and in the future† (Anja Schaefer, 2003, p. 209), given to the urgency by which environmental issue and concern for the same have been, and the leading and heated debate in that capacity in the contemporary world today. Addressing the bigger question related to the concept of ‘going green as a favorable business opportunities, the first thing that should be noted is the environmental challenge for global firms. Take the case of Author Klaus North (1997), and his book titled â€Å"Environmental business management: an introduction†, which gives a clear picture and details about the subject matter and its interrelated discussion. From the introductory message of the said book, a clear and notable question crop up from the author part, which goes as â€Å"Why are enterprises increasingly trying to become green and clean? (North, 1997, p. 1). This a good and sensible question indeed that the author have put up, considering that in recent years the â€Å"trend to go green have usurped the corporate world, and especially after a major industrial accidents that have had an impact of the environment and likewise, the green factor and its concepts means new business opportunities, and new markets for corporation† (North, 1997, p. 1) Thus, there is no denying the fact that going green is one business opportunities and the concepts also garner huge takers, either for investor or a business organization that have formulated a policy with anything related to the green factors, so as to say. Take it in the world of the business investment opportunities, going green is a big factor and big business opportunities in the contemporary context. Some scholar have commented that â€Å"the green revolution is already influencing how people live their lives, and to top it all, in recent years tremendous attention is given to all things green, starting from books, magazines, political class the media in its variety of formats, etc, to be precise† (Tobin Smith, 2008, p. 1). Hence, the tendency to green opportunities in business investment matter is huge and the facts stands clear and precise, given that the â€Å"world wants a clean future that should be facilitated by the solid stands corporation are propagating towards green concepts and its management.† (Tobin Smith, 2008, p. 5). As a matter of fact, there is a growing debate and discussion in that respect and the business scope and investment opportunities that comes from green project. The general impression that withholds the same topic is also much in respect that green projects, in the current environmental crisis scenario is laced with loads of future scope. It is well placed that the trends of the green concepts have only grown stronger and bolder with each passing days. From the organizational and business management context â€Å"going green also comes as a means, which is addressed in the format of the strategic management process for firms in the competitive environment, and in order to earn above average returns, firm integrate their management strategy where actions and decision should facilitate strategic competitiveness† (Michael A. Hitt, 2008, p. 6) aimed at sustainable measures. Likewise, organizational business management and their corporate social responsibilities are a positive developments and a good measure for a cause. From having an analysis in close quarter on the many related topic that discuss the concepts of going green, one probable factor come to force, especially concern with carbon emission which cannot be done away with, given the less alternate means to the existing energy source, apart from nuclear power, which is a clean resource means to addressed the ever increasing energy need and demands in the current globalised world. Hence, in that respect, how well and why it matter when it amount to green concepts can be assimilated from the following discussion. How Well Green Project Offers Investment Opportunities? When adhering our analysis in respect of the above heading, the case can be interesting and probable to support the assumption, given that green projects and the tagline that integrate the concept have always been held with a general belief of offering huge paybacks and business opportunities and scope for investors. Thus, as to the question of why the concept of going green comes as an alternative to business investment also can be looked to the phenomena in that respect. Secondly, â€Å"going green for organization in the contemporary era is also getting cost competitive, given that as price and demands for available energy source are peaking, so does it will for any alternative of energy source, which are likely to remain high† (Tobin Smith, 2008, p. 5). Hence in that respect the economic factors in the energy scenario also offers huge and tremendous potential for corporations in the international market. Moreover, â€Å"the investment capital in green projects is one probable force that takes centre stage from the demands for energy, especially in the green energy sector† (Tobin Smith, 2008, p. 5). Thus, such development in close quarter answers the related question as to why going green and its concepts can be looked upon and banked as a business opportunities, henceforth and in time to come, especially in accommodating to the flow of the economic cycle in the contemporary globalised market. After all, when it matter to the core discussion of this report and the question that is also being raised in that respect, we come to the conclusion that the assumption build within the subject matter of green concept as a investment opportunities ranks true and is factual in a sense. Take for instance the cut throat competition in the global estates developments, in which ever case renovated projects is always an issue, which means that â€Å"raising both depth and equity capital for such investment is a challenge of sorts. However, when it matter to socially responsible property development in the society, investing in the same promises rewards those developer in the league who familiarize themselves with green projects† (Yudelson, 2008, p. 114) Further down the line let us take for instance cases of the contemporary business scenario, and especially in the domain where the knowledge process and information technology have become the much needed factors to boosts business gains. Thus, the strategic management of organization also has meant to harness â€Å"green concepts to a large extent, and to be specific here, the case also can be related to the new strategic trend termed as a green computing, which goes hand in hand with organizational strategic management† (Harris, 2008, p. 145) aimed at long term. Furthermore, justifying the assumption of the subject matter we come to the conclusion that â€Å"green computing in any given industry is an effective project initiative, especially in a scenario where people are very much dependent in this technological innovation for personal and business purpose. To top it all, the concept of going green or likewise to say green computing revolves around the factors on how to utilize resources and in the meantime save resources with the application of innovation, and the use of computing technology† (Harris, 2008, p. 22) Conclusion Sustainable development plans as we understood is a close calls for any organization to have in place and in matter of corporate governance as well, given that such undertaking offers great investment opportunities in the contemporary global market. The discussion parts of this report that attend only to the investment opportunities that come from green project have been beneficial and astonishing. In its fragmented discussion, the structure took into analysis only the core of the subject matter, and in context of economic and business point of views. We feel that debate on the subjected topic is never ending, however; given to the specific discussion that calls for, the same have been integrated to make the flow and its research take an in-depth measure. Before culminating our report, the following recommendation also should be noted, in order to have close calls for needs to be done in the time to come. Recommendation It is further recommended that the discussion of the subject matter demands more space in the literary debate to arrive at a conclusive opinion and solid standing to support the claims and assumption build herein. Moreover, the nature of this research only limits itself in the business scope, that is to say the investment opportunities that come along with facilitating green projects for investors or organization. Seeing things as it is, there is a great scope to integrate a reach topic on any green concepts, staring from food habits, green technology and likewise, overall which can be encompassed within the business opportunities that comes along. The concern being raised at the global level related to environmental crisis is for the mankind to have a clear understanding of the urgency of the matter. Rather than spoil and waste some more time, a definite action plan is required to be integrated for sustainable development, be it for corporation upgrading their policies, developers building green projects, etc, is an immediate needs. Seeing things in recent developments with green computers, and green fuels source as discussed above comes as a good sign. However, there is much in the process yet to be reached in full course. Given so, further recommendation open up an opportunity for research as well, and in matter of organizational policy, now is the right time to take actions for managers and firm corporate governance that gives a definite agenda in sticking towards green project for the benefits of mankind, and organizational sustainable development plan. References Anja Schaefer, A. C. (2003). Sustainable Business Organisation. In M. L. Ed. Frans Berkhout, Negotiating environmental change: new perspectives from social science (pp. 209-213, 216-218,222-227). UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. Harris, J. (2008). Green Computing and Green IT Best Practices on Regulations and Industry Initiatives, Virtualization, Power Management, Materials Recycling and Telecommuting. Lulu.com. Michael A. Hitt, R. D. (2008). Strategic management: competitiveness and globalization : concepts cases. Edition.8. Ohio, US: Cengage Learning. North, K. (1997). Environmental business management: an introduction. Geneva: International Labour Organization. Tobin Smith, J. W. (2008). Billion Dollar Green: Profit from the Eco Revolution. New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons, 2008. Yudelson, e. (2008). Green building through integrated design. US: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008. Winston, A. (2009, 11 20). Why Going Green And The Climate Negotiations In Copenhagen Matter Now More Than Ever. Retrieved 1 12, 2010, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/andrew-winston/why-going-green-and-th_b_365888.html

Saturday, January 18, 2020

Gender and Family

Gender and Family By: Sherrica Newburn CJS 230 Gender and Family As juvenile delinquency continues to be a growing problem in America, research and analysis have shown that gender and family can have a huge impact on juvenile delinquency. When it comes to gender, many differences take place during the development and socialization in the male and female causing different juvenile offending patterns. Changes in family structures will also have implications on socialization for both male and females. In this paper, one will learn how the role of family structure and gender can be a contributing factor in juvenile delinquency. Gender differences in development begin as early as infancy. These differences begin with socialization, cognitive and personality. On a social level, males are believed to be more aggressive than females. The cause of this is believed to be because males are taught and encouraged to be tough, while females are taught to be lady like and act on emotions. Cognitive differences also start in early childhood. Females tend to speak earlier and have more communication than males. â€Å"Males excel in tasks that assess the ability to manipulate visual images in working memory, whereas females do better in tasks that require retrieval from long-term memory and the acquisition and use of verbal information â€Å"(Siegel & Welsh, 2005). Personality is one of the most obvious differences in gender. Females tend to have low self-esteem and they are more emotional than males. Males tend to have low attention spans while females have better attention spans. Delinquency affects gender because the differences in socialization, cognitive skills, and personality are what make up gender specific behaviors. Most children are used to growing up in the traditional family of a mother, father and siblings. The makeup of families today is no longer consisting of the traditional family structure. Children are being raised in single parent homes with the absence of either their mother or father. In these cases, the single parent has to struggle even harder to make ends meet causing that bond between parent and hild to diminish. Children need guidance from both parents, and when one parent is absent, the guidance will not be there and it can leave a long lasting impact on the child. The affect that family makeup has on delinquency is that if a child’s needs are not being met in the home, the child is more inclined to turn to their peers for some type of fulfillment. Family behaviors such as breakup, conflict, neglect, and deviance can all have an impact on delinquency. Because a child is first socialized at home, any disjunction in an orderly family structure can be expected to have a negative impact on the child† (Siegel & Welsh, 2005). When a family structure is broken, it can impact delinquency on a male because males are more affected by the absence of their father than females are. Females tend to be affected by the absence of both parents which can impact female delinquency. Conflict, neglect, and deviance can set a bad example for children. Family behaviors such as parental neglect can provide a bad example for delinquents. Children growing up in homes with no supervision and minimum care are more likely to turn to violent and antisocial behaviors. Parents who show deviant behaviors are more likely to produce children who show deviance. For example, parents who smoke around their children often result in the child believing that it is okay to smoke because they see their parents do it. Even though research shows that female delinquency has increased, females are known to be treated differently by members of the juvenile system than males. Female delinquents are more inclined to commit sex related crimes associated with relationship problems or sexual abuse. This is a benefit to females because members of the juvenile system to focus more on male related crimes than female related crimes. When it comes to females, they can be treated unfairly because members of the justice system expect certain gender specific crimes from female delinquents. Male delinquents are known to commit more serious crimes than females, so the justice system goes off expectations of each gender. In conclusion, family and gender plays a huge role in the juvenile justice system. In our society, juveniles are expected to commit crimes based on gender, and family structure. In order to prevent increasing juvenile delinquency, preventive programs for delinquents and their families should be provided to help children cope with broken family structures. References Seigel, L. J. and Welsh, B. C. (2005). Juvenile Delinquency: The core. (2nd ed. ). Belmont, CA Thomson Wadsworth. Retrieved January 31, 2010 Gender and Family Gender and Family By: Sherrica Newburn CJS 230 Gender and Family As juvenile delinquency continues to be a growing problem in America, research and analysis have shown that gender and family can have a huge impact on juvenile delinquency. When it comes to gender, many differences take place during the development and socialization in the male and female causing different juvenile offending patterns. Changes in family structures will also have implications on socialization for both male and females. In this paper, one will learn how the role of family structure and gender can be a contributing factor in juvenile delinquency. Gender differences in development begin as early as infancy. These differences begin with socialization, cognitive and personality. On a social level, males are believed to be more aggressive than females. The cause of this is believed to be because males are taught and encouraged to be tough, while females are taught to be lady like and act on emotions. Cognitive differences also start in early childhood. Females tend to speak earlier and have more communication than males. â€Å"Males excel in tasks that assess the ability to manipulate visual images in working memory, whereas females do better in tasks that require retrieval from long-term memory and the acquisition and use of verbal information â€Å"(Siegel & Welsh, 2005). Personality is one of the most obvious differences in gender. Females tend to have low self-esteem and they are more emotional than males. Males tend to have low attention spans while females have better attention spans. Delinquency affects gender because the differences in socialization, cognitive skills, and personality are what make up gender specific behaviors. Most children are used to growing up in the traditional family of a mother, father and siblings. The makeup of families today is no longer consisting of the traditional family structure. Children are being raised in single parent homes with the absence of either their mother or father. In these cases, the single parent has to struggle even harder to make ends meet causing that bond between parent and hild to diminish. Children need guidance from both parents, and when one parent is absent, the guidance will not be there and it can leave a long lasting impact on the child. The affect that family makeup has on delinquency is that if a child’s needs are not being met in the home, the child is more inclined to turn to their peers for some type of fulfillment. Family behaviors such as breakup, conflict, neglect, and deviance can all have an impact on delinquency. Because a child is first socialized at home, any disjunction in an orderly family structure can be expected to have a negative impact on the child† (Siegel & Welsh, 2005). When a family structure is broken, it can impact delinquency on a male because males are more affected by the absence of their father than females are. Females tend to be affected by the absence of both parents which can impact female delinquency. Conflict, neglect, and deviance can set a bad example for children. Family behaviors such as parental neglect can provide a bad example for delinquents. Children growing up in homes with no supervision and minimum care are more likely to turn to violent and antisocial behaviors. Parents who show deviant behaviors are more likely to produce children who show deviance. For example, parents who smoke around their children often result in the child believing that it is okay to smoke because they see their parents do it. Even though research shows that female delinquency has increased, females are known to be treated differently by members of the juvenile system than males. Female delinquents are more inclined to commit sex related crimes associated with relationship problems or sexual abuse. This is a benefit to females because members of the juvenile system to focus more on male related crimes than female related crimes. When it comes to females, they can be treated unfairly because members of the justice system expect certain gender specific crimes from female delinquents. Male delinquents are known to commit more serious crimes than females, so the justice system goes off expectations of each gender. In conclusion, family and gender plays a huge role in the juvenile justice system. In our society, juveniles are expected to commit crimes based on gender, and family structure. In order to prevent increasing juvenile delinquency, preventive programs for delinquents and their families should be provided to help children cope with broken family structures. References Seigel, L. J. and Welsh, B. C. (2005). Juvenile Delinquency: The core. (2nd ed. ). Belmont, CA Thomson Wadsworth. Retrieved January 31, 2010

Friday, January 10, 2020

Chromosomal Disorder

1. Turner syndrome: (X instead of XX or XY). In Turner syndrome, female sexual characteristics are present but underdeveloped. People with Turner syndrome often have a short stature, low hairline, abnormal eye features and bone development and a â€Å"caved-in† appearance to the chest. Description: Turner syndrome (TS) occurs when one of the two X chromosomes in females is either missing or incomplete. The most common symptoms are short stature and gonadal dysgenesis, which can cause incomplete sexual development and ovarian failure and infertility. As of right now, there is no known cause of TS. 2. Klinefelter's syndrome (XXY): Description Men with Klinefelter syndrome are usually sterile, and tend to have longer arms and legs and to be taller than their peers. Boys with the syndrome are often shy and quiet, and have a higher incidence of speech delay and dyslexia. During puberty, without testosterone treatment, some of them may develop gynecomastia. 3. Patau Syndrome: also called D-Syndrome or trisomy-13. Symptoms are somewhat similar to those of trisomy-18, but they do not have the characteristic hand shape Description: Trisomy 13, also called Patau syndrome, is a disorder in which an individual has three copies of genetic material from chromosome 13, rather than two. It can occur in three forms: Trisomy 13, which has a third chromosome 13 in all cells; Trisomy 13 mosaicism, which has a third chromosome 13 in some cells; and partial Trisomy, which has the presence of part of an extra chromosome 13 in the cells. 4. Down syndrome: Description usually is caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21 (trisomy 21). Characteristics include decreased muscle tone, stockier build, asymmetrical skull, slanting eyes and mild to moderate mental retardation. 5. Edwards syndrome: Description which is the second-most-common trisomy; Down syndrome is the most common. It is a trisomy of chromosome 18. Symptoms include mental and motor retardation and numerous congenital anomalies causing serious health problems. Ninety percent die in infancy; however, those that live past their first birthday usually are quite healthy thereafter. Some symptoms include clenched hands, feet with a rounded bottom, mental deficiency, underdeveloped fingernails, and an unusual shaped chest. 6. Cat eye syndrome: Description: For individuals with cat eye syndrome, the short arm (known as 22p) and a small region of the long arm (22q) of chromosome 22 are present three or four times, rather than twice. Characteristic features of the disorder include mild growth delays before birth, mild mental deficiency, and malformations of the skill and facial region, the heart, the kidneys, and/or the anal region. 7. Williams Syndrome: Description: Williams syndrome is caused by a deletion of genetic material from portions of the long arm of chromosome 7, a region that consists of more than 25 genes. Researchers have identified a few of the specific genes related to Williams syndrome, but the relationship between most of the genes in the deleted region and the symptoms of Williams syndrome is still unknown. The most common symptoms of Williams syndrome are mental retardation, heart defects, and unusual facial features ,small upturned nose, wide mouth, full lips, small chin, widely spaced teeth . Angelman syndrome: Description: Angelman syndrome (AS) is an example of genomic imprinting, where the deletion or inactivation of genes on the maternally inherited chromosome 15 causes the paternal copy, which may be of normal sequence, to be imprinted and silenced. AS is characterized by intellectual and developmental delays, sleep disturbances, seizures, and jerky movements, but also frequent laughte r or smiling and usually have a happy demeanor

Thursday, January 2, 2020

Andrea Yates Mother Or Monster Essay - 2418 Words

Andrea Yates: Mother or Monster Mothers have always been thought of as nurturing care givers. Caregivers who have always done and thought of what is best for their children. But what happens when the nurturing mother becomes the monster? What causes them to undergo such a drastic change. Let’s take a look at Andrea Yates. In Houston, Texas Andrea Yates was born on July 2, 1964 and raised as a devout Roman Catholic. Montaldo (2016) reports that Andrea Yates graduated from Milby High School in 1982 with high honors. Yates was involved in extracurricular activities like captain of her swim team and an officer in the national honor society (p. 1). The mother turned monster then enrolled in the two-year pre-nursing program and graduated in 1986. From there Andrea Yates went to work as a registered nurse at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer (1986-1994). With a well-educated background and a well earning and respectable career, what was it that pushed Yates to do w hat she did? Was it her own personal life or her marital life? Montaldo (2016) writes, â€Å"Andrea and her future husband, Rusty Yates met each other in their Houston apartment complex. Much of their time involved revolved around religious studies and prayers. They were happily married on April 17, 1993 and later raised five children. The Yates couple’s first-born Noah was born on (2/26/1994), John (12/12/1995), Paul (9/13/1997), Luke (2/15/1999), and Mary (11/30/2000)† (p. 1). Any regular motherShow MoreRelatedAndrea Yates : Mother Or Monster2426 Words   |  10 PagesAndrea Yates: Mother or Monster Mothers are nurturing caregivers. Caregivers who have always done and thought of what is best for their children. Nevertheless, what happens when the nurturing mother becomes the monster? What causes them to undergo such a drastic transformation? Let us look at Andrea Yates. In Houston, Texas Andrea Yates was born on July 2, 1964, and raised as a devout Roman Catholic. Montaldo (2016) reports that Andrea Yates graduated from Milby High School in 1982 with highRead MoreDangerous Women : Why Mothers, Daughters, And The Murderers1735 Words   |  7 PagesNuttiraporn Linaman Georgia Wheatley WMST 1080 N1 8 December 2014 Dangerous Women Larry A. Morris, a forensic psychologist with a private practice in Arizona, writes the book named Dangerous Women: Why Mothers, Daughters, and Sisters Become Stalkers, Molesters, and Murderers. This book is about exploring case studies on girls and women who committed violent crimes, including sexual crimes. The book is helping the readers to understand why girls and women commit violent crimes and to give informationRead MoreMedi Gender And Crime1771 Words   |  8 Pagesone, but two of her husbands that served as a red flag. Eventually in 2007 Sandra Avila was arrested in Mexico and extradited to the US years later. ​On the other side of the spectrum of crime there was Andrea Yates who was responsible for drowning five of her children. It was documented that Yates had been suffering from postpartum depression. She was suicidal and tried to kill herself on numerous occasion and she was admitted to the hospital where they prescribed her antidepressants and antipsychoticRead MoreThe Mind of a Serial Killer Essay2054 Words   |  9 Pageskillers are extremely rare. Most serial killers know right from wrong and are not considered insane. Even Jeffery Dahmer who dismembered his victims and ate their flesh was deemed sane by Dr. Park Elliot Dietz. (Frank, 2000) (Dr. Dietz also deemed Andrea Yates as sane.) People who murder for money or to escape detection such as gang-bangers or the mafias are not considered serial killers. I’m going to focus this paper on the majority (2/3) of serial killers who have been clinically in the DiagnosticRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pagestitled â€Å"The Exit Revolution† and John Torpey, â€Å"Leaving: A Comparative View,† in Citizenship and Those Who Leave: The Politics of Emigration and Expatriation, ed. Nancy L. Green and Francois Weil (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2007). 18. Andreas Fahrmeir, Olivier Faron, and Patrick Weil, eds., Migration Control in the North Atlantic World: The Evolution of State Practices in Europe and the United States from the French Revolution to the Inter-War Period (New York: Berghahn Books, 2003);Read MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesof Texas at Dallas Chris Roberts, University of Massachusetts Amherst Sherry Robinson, Pennsylvania State University Hazleton Christopher Ann Robinson-Easley, Governors State University Joe Rode, Miami University Bob Roller, LeTourneau University Andrea Roofe, Florida International University Craig Russell, University of Oklahoma at Norman Manjula Salimath, University of North Texas Mary Saunders, Georgia Gwinnett College Andy Schaffer, North Georgia College and State University Elizabeth Scott,

Wednesday, December 25, 2019

Persuasive Essay Against Capital Punishment - 753 Words

Persuasive Essay Against Capital Punishment â€Å"Kill. (Verb) To make someone or something die.† Does anyone really think they have the right to take another person’s life? Apparently yes. Perhaps we should give the judge a knife and tell her that if she has decided that the accused is guilty, she should stab him herself. Perhaps then she would hesitate. But if many people (hundreds or thousands who operate the judicial system) are involved, it spreads, or even divides the feeling of culpability among many. They may feel less guilty, especially if they believe that they are representing the whole society of their country. What makes it seem more â€Å"humane† is the official perspective of it.†¦show more content†¦Another reason which people give in support of capital punishment is that with a life sentence you have to feed the criminals for years and years, but if you â€Å"terminate† their life earlier, then the government will be saving on the costs of having to support them for ever. This is actually not true at all. The court appeals involved in the death penalty turn into a long, drawn-out and very expensive process. A quote I found stat es, â€Å"Add up criminal justice process expenses, trial court costs, appellate and Melanie AZ Morales Robson Summer Examinations 2004 English Coursework post-conviction costs, and prison costs, including years served on death row in awaiting execution. Altogether, the extra costs per death penalty imposed is over a quarter million dollars, and per execution exceeds $2 million.† This can be compared to the average cost for a twenty-year prison term for first-degree murder, which is approximately $330 thousand. Even if it were more economical to apply capital punishment to a prisoner, this would hardly make it justifiable in a humane society. I think therefore that a life sentence is always ultimately better than the death penalty. If, in later appeals or retrials, the executed person is found to be innocent, they cannot beShow MoreRelatedThe Death Penalty by David Bruck Essay1123 Words   |  5 Pagesreaders against capital punishment. His purpose is to persuade readers against the death penalty in order for them to realize that it is inhuman, irrational, and that â€Å"neither justice nor self-preservation demands that we kill men whom we have already imprisoned.† Bruck does not employ an array of devices but he does employ some such as juxtaposition, rhetorical questions, and appeals to strengthen his argument. He establishes an informal relationship with his audience of supporters of capital punishmentRead MoreEssay about A Hanging by George Orwell877 Words   |  4 PagesHigher Question – Choose an essay or a piece of journalism which has made an impact on you because of its effective style. Discuss how the writer’s style adds to the impact of the content. â€Å"A Hanging† by George Orwell is an influential, autobiographical essay, in which the subject of capital punishment is powerfully examined. The essay is based on a prisoner’s execution in a Prisoner of War camp in Burma during the Second World War. In the essay, Orwell is a prison guard for the camp and carefullyRead MoreThe Death Penalty Of Capital Punishment1480 Words   |  6 Pagessystem, such as the death penalty. Capital punishment has been used many times in history all around the world, and it was quite popular. Many people argue that capital punishment is useful in deterring crime and that it is only fair that criminals receive death as punishment for a heinous crime. On the contrary, others see the death penalty as a violation of the 8th amendment. It restricts excessive fines, and it also does not allow cruel and unusual punishment to be inflicted upon criminals. AlthoughRead MoreThe Life of David Gale Essay1364 Words   |  6 Pageson Duty† Capital Punishment is when a person is put to death for a crime they committed. While most americans continue to support execution, there is always the few who are against it. One of the main arguments against capital punishment is that someone can wrongfully be charged for a crime they did not commit and then wrongfully have their life taken away. In the film, The Life of David Gale, the director, Alan Parker, tells of the story of a man who is sentenced to capital punishment for a crimeRead MorePersuasive Essay : Capital Punishment1200 Words   |  5 PagesPersuasive Essay Ethan Martin Communications 100 October 18th 2015 Capital Punishment Capital punishment, which is also known as the death penalty, is the punishment of a crime by execution. This extreme retribution is reserved for those who have committed heinous, or capital crimes against society, therefore considered an ongoing threat. Capital punishment was abolished from the Canadian Criminal Code in 1976. It was substituted with a compulsory life sentence without possibilityRead MoreThe Death Penalty Is It Ever Justified?1111 Words   |  5 Pagesthat serious crimes are being committed more often. The death penalty is something that is needed here in the United States to help lower these ongoing vicious crime rates. In the essay â€Å"The Death Penalty: Is It Ever Justified?† Written by Edward I. Koch, this exact issue is discussed. Koch believes capital punishment in the form of the death penalty may help make these criminals to understand morality, or right from wrong. He states, â€Å"Life is indeed precious, and I believe the death penalty helpsRead MoreThe Death Penalty : An Important Development For The Human Right868 Words   |  4 Pagesthe flip side, the death penalty as practiced by most of the countries had its record since the 8th century (in Roman law). The reformation movement against capital punishment took place during the last half of the century. The debates on the abolition of death penalty sill exist today within the legal fraternity, and so the purpose of this essay is to explore how far the death penalty is justifiable in view of right to life that has been enshrined in the laws. In lieu of right to life as setRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of The Death Penalty1331 Words   |  6 PagesAs the Shannon Rafferty E-Portfolio states, â€Å"The use of capital punishment greatly deters citizens from committing crimes such as murder. Many people’s greatest fear is death; therefore, if they know that death is a possible consequence for their actions, they are less likely to perform such actions† and it also states that â€Å"Ernest van den Haag brings forth the argument that capital punishment is the strongest deterrent society has against murder, which has been proven in many studies. â€Å"Since societyRead MoreGun Control859 Words   |  4 PagesScholarly Essay: Gun Control There has been considerable debate recently in Canada over the issue of gun control. The Canadian parliament enacted the Firearms Act to enforce gun control by requiring gun owners to register their firearms. Just recently, the government of Alberta lead in a charge, including five other provinces and numerous pro-gun groups, complaining that the law is unconst... Gun Control Gun control Gun Control Part I:Introduction The issue of gun control and violenceRead MoreEssay about Capital Punishment Law2161 Words   |  9 PagesThe current state of the law regarding capital punishment is that each state is allowed to create its own death penalty statutes and implement the death penalty basically as it chooses. The Supreme Court in Coker v. Georgia did limit the implementation of the death penalty to only apply to the crime of murder and not any other offense such as rape. Currently, 15 American states have partially or completely outlawed the death penalty including Michigan, Alaska, Hawaii, Wisconsin, Maine, California